How do you structure workflow tests
I am just curious how others create their workflow tests in TestComplete and to learn if what I am doing is the most efficient way.
What I have been doing is -
1. Create various scripts and in each script I add different functions which I will need for my tests
2. In these functions I add user parameters. I don't hardcode parameter values in these scripts and functions
3. Then, in the project page, I create a new group. This group is basically my test which will contain all the test steps
4. Under this group, I create various test items. For each test item, I call a function from a script and then pass the parameter values in the 'Parameters' column. So each group/test is a collection of test items and each test item is calling a function from one of my global scripts and passing the user paramter values (screenshot attached)
I recently saw another way to create tests where they had a global script with functions and parameters. But they do not create test items in the project page. Instead, they create separate test scripts and each of this test script contains a function; and this function itself is a test workflow i.e. the function inside the test script is an entire workflow where it calls the functions from the global scripts and hardcodes the paramter values inside these functions.
I always thought that creating workflows under a function with hardcoded input values was not efficient since it is not very re-usable and defeats the purpose of a function. But maybe I am wrong.
I also thought that a function should always be a re-usable building block for tests and not be a test itself. Is that a correct to say? Please correct me if I am wrong. Thank you!
What are your thoughts about both the ways? Or, if you could share, how do you create your tests. Thanks!
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Firstly, the correct thing is the thing that make yourself more efficient, not the other.
Then the choice of structure could depend on which kind of tests you do.
As for me, we use TC for RPA and tests as functiunal acceptance, end-user scenarii, through single or multiple apps (heavy client, light client, web, mobile, mainframe, ...).
We do only script TC.
We have a commun repository for all common libraries (like system.js, services.js, database.js, cmd.js, ....) and all main software engines (like sap.js, inforM3.js, sageX3.js, axelor.js, oracleEBS.js, webcheck.js, ....) and all main integration engines (like jira.js, squash.js, testlink.js, redmine.js, ...).
All engines are closure-style object.
After, we have a repository of projects per customer. Each project has one or several test scenario.
For example, a customer in insurance, we have one project (name of the customer) and inside, several projects suites to test rates engine, end-user prints, claims and poilicy workflow, ..
Each project suite use libraries of the common repository and three files for the project suite itelsef; example for rate engine;
- rateEngine.js which manage the loop of tests cases read from Excel, its mainly call of customer app engine functions with data read from the excel
- rateEngine_context.js which manage start/end test session/case/step integration with ticketing system and test management software
- rateEngine_globals which contains some usefule globals
Inside TC we have only 3 test items;
- Initialization which call startTestSession inside rateEngine_context
- Excute which call playTest inside rateEngine, this one is called only if initialization has been successful
- Finalization which call endTestSession inside rateEngine_context
Starting a new customer or a new project suite is made easily because we have a console script that create all pathes and files wanted after answering some questions (name of customer, name of project, include webapps, include which engine, ...).
If customer use only apps we have already in our repositories, it's 75-90% direct reuse, the remaining part is to follow changes in business process of the customer.
If customer use new apps the console script build us the engine for all standard functions and we have to add business process functions only, so a 50% direct reuse at least.
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I like to use a data/table driven model where the driver of what tests to run, the contents of the tests (individual steps and parameters), and the order in which they are executed are stored externally from the automation code itself. I like to use CSV files for that data because they are portable and easily editable by any user with any variety of tool.
1) Reads the data and builds the test cases from the CSV files
2) Traverses the arrays and executes the tests
3) Cleans up the automation and any finalization routines.
Reporting is built from log entries using AppendFolder/PopFolder etc., to build a report based upon log rather than on the built in TestComplete reports. Others have adapted this to also write out reports to CSV, XML, or other formats internally.
The pro that I've found for this method is that you can have a few people whose job it is to maintain the highly object oriented, modularized code. If the test case requires a minor change in work flow, rather than needing to redo a whole test case, you only need to modify code for the individual step/class. The more "atomic" the steps, the easier it is to maintain. Additionally, with sufficient documentation, ANYONE can build a set of test cases for execution without having to know anything about TestComplete or the code involved. They just populate a set of CSV data files and click a desktop icon to run the tests in TestExecute.
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Why automate? I do automated testing because there's only so much a human being can do and remain healthy. Sleep is a requirement. So, while people sleep, automation that I create does what I've described above in order to make sure that nothing gets past the final defense of the testing group.
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We are doing same approach 😉
A strong and robust core functions, a minimal environmental management and a great place for PO and BA or others to build their own test cases through data driven method.
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Thanks @BenoitB for the detailed reply! That totally makes sense, whatever works best and efficient for one is the way to go for them.
Great that there is a significant direct reuse (50% or more) after the initial scripting. I guess that makes the work more efficient and cleaner!
@tristaanogre Thank you for sharing your thoughts and workflow!
>> If the test case requires a minor change in work flow, rather than needing to redo a whole test case, you only need to modify code for the individual step/class.
That is great, definitely makes test maintenance much easier and safe. I try to do something similar with my functions by making re-usable functions with user parameters that can be used in all scenarios. Makes the later part of making and updating tests much easier.
What do you mean by "atomic" steps though? Does that mean breaking the steps into even smaller steps which makes assembling part more flexible?
atomic means that u can't slice in smaller action, more initial work because sometimes lot of primitives, lot of intellectual work to keep all in mind and here good source documentation is important, so lot of time before delivering starting to test .. but after you have just to call assemblies of these primitives and you can do everything very quickly
high learning curve but reusability max, even between different apps
its the way of building a framework
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