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How to create a low maintenance keyword driven framework

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How to create a low maintenance keyword driven framework

I am using Keyword driven framework where I am passing the object (Alias name of the object) and Keyword from excel file to my test. With every release, there are many changes in UI of the application so we update name mapping and update Alias names in affected test cases. But there are huge changes in UI this time and we will have to update large no. of test cases. How can I handle it smartly in the future? Is there a way that I do need to mention the entire Alias name in my script or excel sheet. Is it possible to just mention the logical name (Description)of the object and entire Alias name can be calculated during run time (just like it is done in QTP)? So that no matter how many changes I need to do in the name mapping file, I do not need to update each and every test step in my scripts.

 

Also, please suggest if there is any other way available to create low maintenance framework.

 

 

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Re: How to create a low maintenance keyword driven framework

If you're changing your Alias every time you update the mapping, then you're using Aliases wrong.

Let's take for example the following.

Say I have an object on a web page mapped like so.

 

NameMapping.Sys.browser.myPage.panel.table.cell.panel.panel.buttonOK

 

Now, I'm just using the naming because this is sometimes how TestComplete auto-maps things. Typically, I'd recommend more detailed and direct names but you get the idea.

Now, auto-mapping would then create the Alias like so.

 

Aliases.browser.myPage.panel.table.cell.panel.panel.buttonOK

 

However, this is unnecessary.  As a rule of thumb here in our environment, we don't create an Alias reference for an object unless it is directly needed or necessary within the test case.  So, let's say ONLY the first panel above is really relevant.  In TestComplete, you can alter the Alias to read like so

Aliases.browser.myPage.panel.buttonOK

 

and preserve the original NameMapping.  The test cases will then reference the Alias and everything is peachy.

Let's say, then, your developers change the page so that one of those extra panels is removed so it's no longer necessary.  You can edit the NameMapping then to click and drag things around and then delete objects within the Mapped Objects part of NameMapping so you get the following.

NameMapping.Sys.browser.myPage.panel.table.cell.panel.buttonOK

 

By editing and manipulating the NameMapping ONLY, just by dragging things around, the object identification continues to work.  The Alias NEVER needs to change.  You can keep the Alias to be the same designation as much as you want.  You can edit, rename, update, change, etc., the mapping of an object in all sorts of ways and, so long as it continues to be referenced by the same Alias, your Alias never changes.

So, in your situation, your Excel can continue to use the same Alias name for as long as it is still relevant.  You never need to update the Excel sheet.  Just update the Mapped Objects section of your NameMapping when the application changes.

THIS is exactly what Aliases were created for... to make a low maintenance framework so you can change the underlying object identification factors without having to change how they are referenced in your actual test cases.


Robert Martin
[Community Expert Group]
Please consider giving a Kudo if I write good stuff
----

Why automate?  I do automated testing because there's only so much a human being can do and remain healthy.  Sleep is a requirement.  So, while people sleep, automation that I create does what I've described above in order to make sure that nothing gets past the final defense of the testing group.
I love good food, good books, good friends, and good fun.

Mysterious Gremlin Master
Extensions available
2 REPLIES 2
Highlighted
Community Hero

Re: How to create a low maintenance keyword driven framework

If you're changing your Alias every time you update the mapping, then you're using Aliases wrong.

Let's take for example the following.

Say I have an object on a web page mapped like so.

 

NameMapping.Sys.browser.myPage.panel.table.cell.panel.panel.buttonOK

 

Now, I'm just using the naming because this is sometimes how TestComplete auto-maps things. Typically, I'd recommend more detailed and direct names but you get the idea.

Now, auto-mapping would then create the Alias like so.

 

Aliases.browser.myPage.panel.table.cell.panel.panel.buttonOK

 

However, this is unnecessary.  As a rule of thumb here in our environment, we don't create an Alias reference for an object unless it is directly needed or necessary within the test case.  So, let's say ONLY the first panel above is really relevant.  In TestComplete, you can alter the Alias to read like so

Aliases.browser.myPage.panel.buttonOK

 

and preserve the original NameMapping.  The test cases will then reference the Alias and everything is peachy.

Let's say, then, your developers change the page so that one of those extra panels is removed so it's no longer necessary.  You can edit the NameMapping then to click and drag things around and then delete objects within the Mapped Objects part of NameMapping so you get the following.

NameMapping.Sys.browser.myPage.panel.table.cell.panel.buttonOK

 

By editing and manipulating the NameMapping ONLY, just by dragging things around, the object identification continues to work.  The Alias NEVER needs to change.  You can keep the Alias to be the same designation as much as you want.  You can edit, rename, update, change, etc., the mapping of an object in all sorts of ways and, so long as it continues to be referenced by the same Alias, your Alias never changes.

So, in your situation, your Excel can continue to use the same Alias name for as long as it is still relevant.  You never need to update the Excel sheet.  Just update the Mapped Objects section of your NameMapping when the application changes.

THIS is exactly what Aliases were created for... to make a low maintenance framework so you can change the underlying object identification factors without having to change how they are referenced in your actual test cases.


Robert Martin
[Community Expert Group]
Please consider giving a Kudo if I write good stuff
----

Why automate?  I do automated testing because there's only so much a human being can do and remain healthy.  Sleep is a requirement.  So, while people sleep, automation that I create does what I've described above in order to make sure that nothing gets past the final defense of the testing group.
I love good food, good books, good friends, and good fun.

Mysterious Gremlin Master
Extensions available
Contributor

Re: How to create a low maintenance keyword driven framework

Thanks a lot @tristaanogre for taking time out to answer my query and sharing this important tip. I was aware that we can shorten the name in Alias but it never occurred to me that this can be used to reduce maintenance work in the future.

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